Assessment of soil properties in technogenically disturbed lands of Kemerovo Oblast – Kuzbass
Recultivation is a critical operation after mining operations. In Kemerovo Oblast – Kuzbass, Russia, a lot of land has suffered degradation due to stripping operations. The purpose of the study is to examine the technical, technological, and biological properties of lands technogenically disturbed as part of coal mining operations in Kuzbass. The object under study is soil and soil cover in the Talda coal mine at the experimental site and adjacent territories. The research goal is achieved through the following methods. The granulometric composition of soil is assessed using the areometric method. The structural-aggregate analysis is performed based on the distribution of aggregate content by size with a set of soil sieves. Water stability is established using the method of disintegration of soil aggregates under a layer of water up to 2 cm high for 10 minutes. The ecological condition of the soil is assessed based on its enzyme and biological activity. The conducted investigation reveals increased stoniness, hygroscopicity, and low humus content of soils on technogenically disturbed land plots. Technogenically disturbed lands are marked by more acidic and heavy metal-contaminated soils. No exceedances are detected for pesticides and radionuclides. The results demonstrate weak enzymatic (cellulolytic, catalase, dehydrogenase, urease, phosphatase, invertase, and soil respiration) and catalytic activity of the soils. All obtained results of assessment of soil conditions on the experimental site and adjacent territories should be used in planning further experimental work on conducting the biological recultivation phase to minimize random experimental errors associated with the influence of native vegetation cover and primary soil conditions on the survival of crops sown on the site.
V. Antonenko, A. Dovgilevich, A. Zubkov, A. Polikarpov, and Y. Savushkin, “Variation of the Rate of Pesticides Decomposition used Together in the Process of Agricultural Production,” Brazilian Journal of Biology, vol. 84, art. no. e273645, 2024. https://doi.org/10.1590/1519-6984.273645
I. Temreshev, A. Tursynkulov, Y. Dutbayev, A. Makezhanov, and G. Suleimanova. “Evaluation of the Efficacy of Entolek K Planteco® Biopesticide Based on Akanthomyces Lecanii Fungus Against Pest Orthopterans in Soybean Agroecosystems in Southeast Kazakhstan,” OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 502-511, 2022. https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2022.502.511
D. Bekezhanov, G. Kopbassarova, A. Zhunispayeva, T. Urazymbetov, and R. Seilkassymova, “Environmental Problems of International Legal Regulation of Transboundary Pollution,” Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 392-405, 2021. https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v12.2(50).08
N. Sarsembayeva, T. Abdigaliyeva, Z. Utepova, A. Biltebay, and A. Aidarbekova, “Assessment of Heavy Metals Migration in the Water – Soil – Fodder – Milk Food Chain in the Almaty Region,” OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 21, no. 2, pp. 365-375, 2021. https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2021.365.375
G. I. Antonov, I. N. Bezkorovainaya, A. V. Klimchenko, and D. A. Semenyakin, “Enzymatic Activity of Soils after the First Set Selection Cutting in the Krasnoyarsk Forest-Steppe Pine Foresrts,” Vestnik KrasGAU, vol. 7, pp. 61-66, 2011.
V. F. Val'kov, N. V. Eliseeva, I. I. Imgrunt, K. Sh. Kazeev, and S. I. Kolesnikov, “Soil Assessment Handbook,” 2004, 236 p.
G. V. Motuzova, and O. S. Bezuglova, “Ecological Monitoring of Soils,” 2007, 237 p.
I. O. Plekhanova, and Yu. D. Kutukova, “Soil Science. Accumulation of Heavy Metals by Agricultural Plants: A Textbook for Universities,” 1992, 176 p.
E. V. Dadenko, T. V. Denisova, K. Sh. Kazeev, and S. I. Kolesnikov, “Evaluation of the Applicability of Indicators of Enzymatic Activity in Biodiagnostics and Monitoring of Soils,” Povolzhsky Ecological Journal, vol. 4, pp. 385-393, 2013.
K. Sh. Kazeev, and S. I. Kolesnikov, “Biodiagnostics of Soils: Methodology and Research Methods,” 2012, 260 p.
A. I. Fakhrutdinov, and T. D. Yampolskaya, “Enzymatic Activity and Nutritional Regime of Soils in Forest Clearings,” Proceedings of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 18, no. 2(2), pp. 530-533, 2016.
Y. Geng, J. Dighton, and D. Gray, “The Effects of Thinning and Soil Disturbance on Enzyme Activities under Pitch Pine Soil in New Jersey Pinelands,” Applied Soil Ecology, vol. 62, pp. 1-7, 2012.
E. M. Perminova, Yu. A. Vinogradova, T. M. Schemelinina, and E. M. Lapteva, “Catalase Activity of Podzolic Soils and its Change during Natural Reforestation in Clearings in Middle Taiga Spruce Forests,” Proceedings of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 27-33, 2016.
E. M. Tulskaya, and D. G. Zvyagintsev, “Comparative Study of Catalase and Catalytic Activity of Upper Soil Horizons,” Soil Science, vol. 10, pp. 92-97, 1979.
F. Kh. Khaziev, “Ecological Connections of Enzymatic Activity of Soils,” Ecobiotech, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 80-92, 2018.
L. L. Shishov, V. D. Tonkonogov, I. I. Lebedeva, and M. I. Gerasimova, “Classification and Diagnostics of Russian Soils,” 2004, 342 p.
N. D. Sorokin, and E. N. Afanasova, “Microbiological Diagnostics of the State of Soils and Phyllospheres of Siberian Forest Ecosystems,” Izvestiya RAN. Ser. Biological, vol. 1, pp. 100-108, 2013.
D. Ghosh, and S. K. Maiti, “Can Biochar Reclaim Coal Mine Spoil?” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 272, art. no. 111097, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.111097
K. Zhao, Y. Yang, H. Peng, L. Zhang, Y. Zhou, J. Zhang, et al., “Silicon Fertilizers, Humic Acids and their Impact on Physicochemical Properties, Availability and Distribution of Heavy Metals in Soil and Soil Aggregates,” Science of the Total Environment, vol. 822, art. no. 153483, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.153483
B. Nasiyev, T. Vassilina, A. Zhylkybay, V. Shibaikin, and A. Salykova, "Physicochemical and Biological Indicators of Soils in an Organic Farming System", The Scientific World Journal, vol. 2021, art. no. 9970957, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1155/2021/9970957
M. Ahmad, A. U. Rajapaksha, J. E. Lim, M. Zhang, N. Bolan, D. Mohan, et al., “Biochar as a Sorbent for Contaminant Management in Soil and Water: A Review,” Chemosphere, vol. 99, pp. 19-33, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.10.071
A. A. Stepanov, P. S. Shulga, D. D. Gosse, and M. E. Smirnova, “Application of Natural Humates for Remediation of Polluted Urban Soils and Stimulation of Plant Growth,” Bulletin of Moscow University. Series 17: Soil Science, vol. 2, pp. 30-34, 2018.
M. V. Gilmanova, and I. V. Grekhova, “Evaluation of the Use of Humic Preparations for Biological Reclamation,” World of Innovations, vol. 1, no. 40, pp. 6-12, 2018.
J. Broda, P. Franitza, U. Herrmann, and R. Helbig, “Reclamation of Abandoned Open Mines with Innovative Meandrically Arranged Geotextiles,” Geotextiles and Geomembranes, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 236-242, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geotexmem.2019.11.003
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Qubahan Academic Journal
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.