Sustainable Water Management: An Integrated Approach to Solving the Problems of Wastewater Treatment


  • Alfred Lako Department of Environmental Engineering, Polytechnic University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania.
  • Elvin Çomo Department of Meteorology, Institute of Geosciences of the Polytechnic University of Tirana, Tirana, Albania.



The relevance of the study of this problem today lies in the fact that the awareness of the lack of water resources and the threat of environmental pollution forces us to focus on the development of sustainable water management solutions. In the context of population growth, water pollution and climate change, it is necessary to respond quickly and improve wastewater treatment methods, assess their impact on the environment and improve water supply systems to ensure stable and environmentally safe access to water resources for future generations. The purpose of this article is to consider an integrated approach to solving the problems of wastewater treatment, assessing their impact on the environment, and improving the water supply system to build a sustainable water economy. Among the methods used, it should be noted the analytical method, the classification method, the functional method, the statistical method, the synthesis method, and others. Water management and environmental protection research included analysis of wastewater treatment technologies, environmental impact assessment, development of water supply systems, municipal waste management, hydrological processes, environmental pollution, use of renewable energy, risk assessment and soil erosion. The effectiveness of wastewater treatment systems, the need for technology improvement, the impact of some types of industry and agricultural activity on the environment, the need to modernize water supply systems, effective management of urban waste, conservation of water resources and prevention of soil erosion were revealed. Research results indicate the need to develop strategies and policies to preserve water resources and improve the state of the environment. This research makes a significant contribution to science, contributing to the development of sustainable water management by developing an integrated approach to solving the problems of wastewater treatment, assessing their impact on the environment, and improving the water supply system.


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How to Cite

Lako, A., & Çomo, E. . (2024). Sustainable Water Management: An Integrated Approach to Solving the Problems of Wastewater Treatment . Qubahan Academic Journal, 4(1), 91–100.