SECOND WAVE AND PANDEMIC SITUATION OF COVID-(2020-2021) IN BANGLADESH
Background: In Bangladesh, the Institute of Epidemiology, Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) reported the first COVID-19 positive patients in the country on March 8, 2020. The world health organization (WHO) declared a COVID-19 epidemic on March 11, 2020. The aim of this study was related to the situation and relation of tests, infested, recovered and death of people against COVID-19 of Bangladesh. The study was carried out from 8 March 2020 to 30 April 2021 (N=419 days) to observe the status of Bangladesh towards rampant COVID-19. Methods: The data of this research was collected from IEDCR, Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW), and cross-checked with different newspapers and online news portals. Correlations were made using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. Results: The total tests, infection, recovered and died were 5357294, 747761, 669995 and 11250; respectively in Bangladesh. The tests of COVID-19 were 1482, 69252, 244064, 460528, 409503, 362113, 397452, 389452, 436862, 454892, 424034, 392403 and 722848 in March to December, 2020 to January to April 2021; respectively in Bangladesh. The infestation of COVID-19 was 49, 7616, 39486, 98330, 92125, 73070, 50457, 44205, 57248, 58948, 21629, 11077 and 128555 in March to December, 2020 to January to April 2021; respectively in Bangladesh. The recovered of COVID-19 was 25, 135, 7904, 34845, 76517, 69452, 71600, 48658, 56099, 70367, 22285, 17140 and 150816 in March to December, 2020 to January to April 2021; respectively in Bangladesh. The death of COVID-19 was 6, 163, 472, 1198, 1264, 1125, 970, 666, 718, 938, 568, 277 and 2237 in March to December, 2020 to January to April 2021; respectively in Bangladesh. The maximum number of people infested and death in April, 2021. The positive correlation found between infested with tests and recovered with tests of April, 2021 by people where (R2= 0.5289, p<0.012 and 0.0000006 p<0.05) and the negative correlation found between tests with date and death with tests (R2= 0.2567, p<0.01 and 0.3614, p<0.01). All the Spearman correlation positive with moderate to strong relation between the variables at the 0.01 level in two-tailed and the total number was n=419. The mean Spearman correlation for tests was 0.31 (range 0.553 to 0.634), for infested was 0.35 (range 0.611 to 0.880), for recovered was 0.796 (range 0.634 to 0.799), for death was 0.808 (range 0.553 to 0.880). March to December 2020 and January to February 2021, not much less than April 2021. Conclusions: More people infested and died in April, 2021 than previous year. This study also indicated that there is moderate to strong relation among tests, infested, recovered and death with COVID-(2020-2021).
Zhu, N., Zhang, D., Wang, W., Li, X., Yang, B., Song, J., Zhao, X., Huang, B., Shi, W., Lu, R., Niu, P., Zhan, F., Ma, X., Wang, D., Xu, W., Wu, G., Gao, G.F. & Tan, W. (2020). A Novel Coronavirus from Patients with Pneumonia in China, 2019. New England Journal of Medicine. Doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2001017.
Alanagreh, L., Alzoughool, F. & Atoum, M. (2020). The Human Coronavirus Disease COVID-19 : Its Origin, Characteristics, and Insights into Potential. Pathogens, 29, 9(5), 331. Available from: doi.org/10.3390/pathogens9050331.
Khan, A.U., Proma, A.A., Akter, M., Rahaman, M.M. & Das, S. (2020). A Review on Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19 ) Epidemic Threat for Global Health in 2020. American Journal of Microbiological Research, 2020, 8(2), 57–62. https://doi.org/10.12691/ajmr-8-2-3.
WHO. (2020). (World Health Organization). 2019-nCoV Situation Report on 30 February, 2020. https://www.who.int/docs/defaultsource/coronaviruse/situation-eports/
Chen, N., Zhou, M., Dong, X., Qu, J., Gong, F., Han, Y., Qiu, Y., Wang, J., Liu, Y., Wei, Y., Xia, J., Yu, T., Zhang, X. & Zhang, L. (2020). Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet, 395(10223), 507–13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30211-7
Yang, J., Zheng, Y., Gou, X., Pu, K., Chen, Z., Guo, Q., Ji, R., Wang, H., Wang, Y. & Zhou, Y. (2020). Prevalence of comorbidities and its effects in patients infected with SARSCoV-2: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 94, 91-5. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijid.2020.03.017
Farooq, S. & Ngaini, Z. (2020). Natural and Synthetic Drugs as Potential Treatment for Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID 2019). Chemistry Africa. Available from https://doi.org/10.1007/s42250-020-00203-x
Woo, P.C., Huang, Y., Lau, S.K.P. & Yuen, K.Y. (2010). Coronavirus genomics and bioinformatics analysis. Viruses, 2(8), 1804-1820. Available from: doi: 10.3390/v2081803
Lu, H., Stratton, C.W. & Tang, Y.W. (2020). Outbreak of Pneumonia of Unknown Etiology in Wuhan China: The Mystery and the Miracle. Journal of Medical Virology, 92, 401-402. Available from doi:10.1002/jmv.25678.
IEDCR. (2020). Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control and Research. https://www.iedcr.gov.bd, Accessed June 20.
Sakib, N., Bhuiyan, A., Hossain, S., Al Mamun, F., Hosen, I., Abdullah, A.H., Sarker, M.A., Mohiuddin, M.S., Rayhan, I., Hossain, M., Sikder, M.T., Gozal, D., Muhit, M., Islam, S., Griffiths, M.D., Pakpour, A.H. & Mamun, M.A. (2020). Psychometric Validation of the Bangla Fear of COVID-19 Scale : Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Rasch Analysis Psychometric Validation of the Bangla Fear of COVID-19 Scale : Confirmatory factor analysis and Rasch analysis. International journal of mental health and addiction, 1–12. Available from https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-020-00289-x
Hossain, I., Khan, M.H., Rahman, M.S., Mullick, A.R. & Aktaruzzaman, M.M. (2020). The Epidemiological Characteristics of an Outbreak of 2019 Novel Coronavirus Diseases (COVID-19) In Bangladesh: A Descriptive Study. Journsl of Medical Science and Clinical Research, 8(4), 544-551. Doi: https://dx.doi.org/10.18535/jmscr/v8i4.94
BRAC. (2020). Bangladesh Rapid Perception Survey on COVID-19 Awareness and Economic Impact: Available online from: https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/Perception-Survey-Covid19.pdf
Naimul, K. (2020). Thousands of Bangladeshi garment workers ordered home as factories stay closed”. Reuters. April 2020. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-healthcoronavirus-bangladeshworkers/thousands-of-bangladeshigarment-workers-ordered-home-asfactories-stay-closed-idUSKBN21N0QU
Sheikh, S.A. (2020). Only 67 ICUs in Dhaka for treating COVID-19 patients. Prothom-Alo, 8 April 2020. https://en.prothomalo.com/bangladesh/city/only-67-icus-in-dhaka-for-treating-covid-19-patients
Shawon, A.A., & Mamun S. (2020). Bangladesh likely to extend shutdown till May 16. Dhaka Tribune, May 02, 2020.
Hellewell, J., Abbott, S., Gimma, A., Bosse, N.I., Jarvis, C.I., Russell, T.W., Munday, J.D., Kucharski, A.J. & Edmunds, W.J. (2020). Feasibility of controlling COVID-19 outbreaks by isolation of cases and contacts. Lancet Glob Health, 8(April), e488-96. Available from doi:10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30074-7
TBS Report. (2020). General holidays likely to be further extended till May 16. The Business Standard/Covid-19 in Bangladesh, May 02, 2020.
Mannan, M.A. (2020). Coronavirus: Jashore farmers take the hit for falling vegetable prices. UNB/Special, April 04, 2020. Available from: https://unb.com.bd/category/Special/coronavirus-jashore-farmers-take-the-hit-for-falling-vegetable-prices/48681
Mansur, A.H. (2020). Taming coronavirus rampage: Ensuring food security during pandemic. The Daily Star/Business, April 20, 2020. Available from: https://www.thedailystar.net/business/news/ensuring-food-security-during-pandemic-1894711
Khan, A.U., Khan, F.U., Khanom, S., Khan, A.U. & Afsana, A.S. (2020). COVID-19 Pandemic Situation in Bangladesh. International Conference on Multidisciplinary Industry and Academic Research (ICMIAR). Candelaria, Quezon, Philippines. December 12, 2020. 1(1), 25. Available at www.iiari.org
Khan, A.U. & Khan, A.U. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic Threat on Agriculture Sector. Proceeding of 8th International Conference of Biotechnology, Environment and Engineering Sciences 18 October 2020, Stockholm-Sweden. P. 15. Doi: 10.46617/icbe8.
Islam, M.T., Talukder, A.K., Siddiqui, M.N. & Islam, T. (2020). Tackling the Pandemic COVID-19 : the Bangladesh Perspective. April, 2020; Journal of public health research, 9(4), 1794. https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2020.1794
WHO. (2021). WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) Situation Reports. 2021.
DGHS. (2020). (Dashboard of Directorate General of Health Services). The Government Republic of Bangladesh. https://www.dghs.gov.bd/index.php/bd/. Accessed on 8th April to 19 June, 2020.
CCD. (2020). (Coronavirus COVID-19 Dashboard). http://184.108.40.206/webportal/pag es/covid19.php.
Simeon, J.O., Tosin, J.O., Ibukun, F.T., Ogwuche, O.J., Daniel, M.F. & Lubo, M.T. (2021). Effect of the Demographic of Covid-19 on Different Countries; Using the USA for Comparism. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Analysis, 2021, 4(2), 193-201. Doi: 10.47191/ijmra/v4-i2-13
Breban, R., Riou, J. & Fontanet, A. (2013). Interhuman transmissibility of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: estimation of pandemic risk, The Lancet, 382 (9893) 694–699, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61492-0.
Wrapp, D., Wang, N., Corbett, K.S., Goldsmith, J.A., Hsieh, C.L., Abiona, O., Graham, B.S. & McLellan, J.S. (2020). Cryo-EM structure of the 2019-nCoV spike in the prefusion conformation. Science, 13, 367(6483),1260-1263. doi: 10.1126/science.abb2507
Khan, A.U., Uddin, A.H.M.M., Khan, F.U., Khanom, S. & Khan, A.U. (2020). COVID-19: Current Status in Bangladesh (6/23/2020). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3634891 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3634891
Khan, A.U., Ema, I.J., Afsana, A.S., Khan, A.U., Zannaty, A., Faruk, M.F., & Rahman. S. (2021). Effects of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) on Agricultural Sectors in Bangladesh: A Review. International Journal for Asian Contemporary Research. 1(2), 89-97. Available on: www.ijacr.net
Transmission of COVID-19. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Retrieved 6 December 2020.
Ye, Q., Wang, B., & Mao, J. (2020). The pathogenesis and treatment of the 'Cytokine Storm' in COVID-19. The Journal of Infection, 80 (6), 607–613.
Szmuda, T., Ali, S., Hetzger, T.V., Rosvall, P. & Sloniewski, P. (2020). Are online searches for the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) related to media or epidemiology? A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 97, 386-390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijid.2020.06.028
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Ahasan Ullah Khan, Rumana Akter, Foyj Ullah Khan, Shakhera Khanom, Anayat Ullah Khan, Ayesha Shiddika Afsana
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.